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Have to & Need to koja je razlika?




  • This video is so funny. You have/need to watch it!

  • I have/need to go to the bathroom.

  • A good gift doesn't have/need to be expensive.

U rečenicama iznad "have to" i "need to" se mogu upotrebiti bez razlike u značenju .

Ali sa druge strane postoje slučajevi kad koristimo samo jedan od ova dva izraza.

Need to

Znači “morati”

Odnosi se na sve što zaista moramo imati hrana, voda, odeća.

Na primer:

  • I need to have time for rest every day. [= Neophodan mi je odmor da bih mogao da funkcionišem.]

  • Children need to play because that is how they learn. [= Drugačije deca ne mogu da uče.]

Ali "Need to" može biti upotrebljen i u drugačijem kontektstu

"Need to" se koristi kako bi se naglasila važnost ili urgetnost

Na primer:

  • We need to talk. [= Jako mi je bitno da pričamo.]

  • I really need to find a job. [= Jako mi je bitno da nađem posao.]

"Need to"se takođe koristi da bi se izrazilo veoma jak stav ili mišljenje

Koristimo izraz kako bismo rekli kako bi neko trebao da se ponaša ili kako da reaguje.

  • You need to wake up and stop lying in the bed all day!

  • Marko needs to stop worrying about his cousins so much.

"Need to"se koristi kako bi se izrazila i naša tendencija da se određene stvari organizuju na određen način.

  • People on the internet need to calm down.

  • This offence needs to be seriously sanctioned.

Dok se "have to" ne može koristiti za izražavanje jakog mišljenja ili stava.

“Need to” se više koristi u akademskim i tehničkim tekstovima

Razlog za ovo što je "need to " precizniji.

Na primer:

The User acknowledges that Registered Information needs to be maintained accurate and up-to date.

Ovo je drugi primer:

Your device needs to restart to install updates.

Have to

U suštini znači trebati ali i : “morati ”

"Have to" takođe može značiti i "must." Međutim, nema istu nijansu da se nešto „apsolutno mora“ uraditi. Umesto toga, ima nijansu da se nešto mora dogoditi ili da neko mora nešto da uradi zbog pravila, zahteva ili očekivanja.

  • You have to pay a fine if you're caught speeding. [= This is the law.]

  • What goes up has to come down. [= This is a law of nature.]

  • I have to be at work by 9 a.m. [= I am required to be at work by 9 a.m.]

  • I didn't want to keep this a secret from you, but I had to. [= I was expected to keep it a secret.]

Druga značenja

"Have to" se takođe koristi kako bi se izrazila sigurnost

Koristimo "have to" kad smo sigurni oko nečega.

  • That company has to be doing well to be able to hire 100 new employees at once. [= I'm sure they're doing well.]

  • There has to be a mistake! [= I'm sure there was a mistake.]

  • This has to be the worst pizza I've ever tried. [= This was definitely the worst pizza I've ever tried.]

"Have to" se koristi da bi se izrazila iritiranost

Takođe korisitimo "have to" to da bismo izrazili iritiranost.

  • Of course, it had to rain on the day we decided to have a picnic. [= It could have rained any day this week, but it rained today. How annoying.]

  • Of course, my cat had to scratch my brand new dress! [= I'm annoyed, because my cat could have ruined any other piece of clothing, but chose to ruin a dress I just bought.]

"Have to" koristimo i za izražavanje iskrenog stava.

Kad oklevamo oko informacija koje želimo da podelimo.

  • I have to say, the movie was a bit disappointing. [= I wish I didn't have to say this, but the movie was disappointing.]

  • I have to admit, you're better at chess than I expected. [= I don't want to admit this, but you beat my expectations.]

“Have to” se više koristi u običajenim situacijama.

Takođe koristimo "have to" da bismo izrazili iskreno mišljenje koje oklevamo da podelimo.

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