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It i that da li su isti i koja je razlika?



U ovom blog post-u ćemo govoriti o razlici između "it" i "that" .


Pogledajmo sledeće primere:


I had a cake at the pastry shop yesterday. It was delicious.

I had a cake at the pastry shop yesterday. That was delicious.

Grammatically, both it and that are used the same way. However, there is a difference in the meaning or nuance. On one hand, it doesn’t have any particular or special nuance or emphasis. On the other hand, that is more emphatic and carries the nuance that the thing just mentioned is special or interesting.


Gramatički, oba it i that se koriste na isti način. Međutim, postoji razlika u značenju ili nijansi. S jedne strane, it nema nikakvu posebnu nijansu ili naglasak. S druge strane, that je naglašenije i nosi nijansu da je upravo pomenuta stvar posebna ili zanimljiva.

· I had a cake at the pastry shop yesterday. It was delicious. It jednostavno označava kolač bez posebnog naglašavanja.


· I had a cake at the pastry shop yesterday. That was delicious. That takođe zauzima mesto imenice kolač, ali dodaje nijansu da je pomenuti kolač bio posebno i jedinstveno ukusan.


That koristimo i kada želimo da unesemo nove podatke o imenici koja je prethodno pomenuta. Evo nekoliko primera:

· Ashley got a new iPhone . It’s an iPhone 14 Pro . It jednostavno zauzima mesto imenice iPhone.

· Ashley got a new iPhone. That's the third one he’s bought in three years. That zauzima mesto imenice iPhone , ali uvodi dodatne informacije o tome.

· Smith quit his job. It was one of the best companies in the city.

· Smith quit his job. That one of the best companies in the city but quite a stressful position.

· Alice just came back from a marathon race It was in the city centre.

· Alice just came back from a trade show. It was in the city centre. and she said that she is quite satisfied with her score.


That možemo korisiti kad menjamo više od jedne reči:


Mother told us the story about how she met grandpa. It was really interesting. The story itself was interesting.

· Mother told us the story about how she met grandpa. That was really interesting. The story as well as the way she told it was interesting.


Tako da, se se odnose na it i that oboje odnose na nešto što je upravo pomenuto, ali that se koristi za dodavanje dodatnih informacija ili nijansi.


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