Kad koristimo "pay", "spend" a kad "cost"?
Akcenat je na onom što plaćamo.
Someone pays (for something).
Please pay the cashier at the front of the store.
You have to pay a late fee if you miss the deadline.
I paid (the fee) for my friend because she forgot her purse.
Can I pay with a credit card?
Buy today and you won’t have to pay until next month.
Ne možemo ovde koristiti ni “spend” nor “cost” u gore navedenim primerima.
Next, "spend" as a verb means “to use up” or “to give money for goods or services.” This is almost the same as the definition for “pay!” Sometimes you can use either word without changing a sentence’s meaning, but you’ll need to change the preposition.
I pay about $10 a month for my Netflix subscription.
I spend about $10 a month on my Netflix subscription.
But in other situations, you cannot do this. For example, you cannot say “spend the cashier” or “spend a late fee.”
So what makes "spend" unique? It is used to focus on the payment itself. In other words, a sentence with “spend” is about the money being exchanged.
Someone spends (an amount) on something.
They spent about $2000 on their vacation.
She spent everything in her wallet.
How much did you spend?
I spent $50 on this jacket and $20 on this hat.
The company will spend several million dollars on research this year.
"Cost" odgovara srpskom glagolu koštati.
An item or service costs something.
How much does this shirt cost?
The premium version costs more than the regular one.
I didn’t think it would cost that much!
The muffins didn’t cost a lot, so I bought two.
It costs too much to repair the TV, so just buy a new one.
Ovde ne bismo mogli da koristimo glagole "spend" i "pay"
Da pogledamo opet ove rečenice zajedno
She paid $20 for the book. Fokus je na akciji, platila je knjigu 20 dolara.
She spent $20 on the book. Fokus je na količini potrošila je 20 dolara na knjigu.
The book costs $20. Fokus je na ,,koštati" . Ova knjiga košta 20 dolara.
A kao imenice?
"Pay" je finansijska nadoknada.
My pay increased after I got promoted.
The pay for these two jobs is the same.
Spend se koristi kao imenica u smislu potrošnje,
The company decided to increase its advertising spend on social media.
The average spend for each customer is about $30 per visit.
"Cost" kao imenica označava troškove.
Companies build factories in developing countries because of the lower cost for workers.
You can upgrade to a better seat for no extra cost.